Kacang Buncis Malaysia is widely grown on lowlands and highlands as it is rather compact bushy and early-type french bean variety. It has a smooth green colour pod and is around 15cm long. Kacang Buncis Malaysia is best grown on trellis support and under the full sun as it is a climbing type plant.
About French Beans
Growing French Beans in your vegetable garden is a terrific addition since it can be grown all-year-round.
French beans (also known as kidney beans or string beans) are harvested for their dried seeds, fruits, and unripe seeds. They are versatile as they can be eaten in salads, as a vegetable dish or used as a garnish for meat, poultry and fish dishes.
Similar to peas, French beans are a member of the legume family. French beans are considered fruit since the seeds come in pods. They come in different colours, such as green, yellow with brown or red, and more.
In Malaysia, the most widely consumed French beans are the green and the yellow ones, regardless of their cylindrical or flat shape. This vegetable is rich in nutrients, such as vitamins A, B, C, phosphorus, calcium, copper, cobalt, nickel, protein, carbohydrates, and chlorophyll. French beans are low in calories, with less than 18 calories for every 100 grams.
With French beans, you can eat them young and tender or leave them to dry on the plant and consume as haricot beans. They can be found in dwarf type, suitable for growing in pots or as climbers that will develop during hot weather. French beans should not be confused with runner beans.
Types of French Beans
French beans are divided into two main categories: dwarf or bush type and climbing types. Please note that within these categories, there are many varieties. Let’s take a look at some of the most common ones.
Dwarf/Bush French Beans Varieties
Masterpiece is one of the most well-known French bean varieties since they have been grown for several decades. The pods are flat, and in Malaysia, you can grow them all-year-long as they love warm weather.
The Prince is a French bean variety that is considered one of the best. It produces medium green legumes which are almost straight and of the same size.
They’re considered one of the best for their fantastic flavour. The Prince offers tender and juicy legumes. The cropping time is longer than most, and the Prince is a stringless variation.
Climbing French Beans Varieties
This classic climbing French bean variety grows a massive supply of flavourful beans in a remote location. This type of French beans is entirely stringless.
Hunter French beans are an almost stringless variety when young. The pods are flatter, and they grow to approximately 25cm. It is best to harvest Hunter French beans when they are 20cm to achieve the freshest flavour and best texture.
How to Grow French Beans
French Beans are easy to grow as they can resist dry conditions. One of the best features about French beans is they leave the soil in excellent condition after cropping as nitrogen develops on the roots.
French beans are usually selected when they are young and green; the seeds are not removed, but the complete pod cooked and eaten.
Here are some terrific tips for growing French beans in your vegetable garden:
- It is best to grow French beans in light soil.
- Make sure the soil is at least 21° Celsius and dry before sowing French bean seeds. Avoid pouring water in the drill at sowing time.
- Plant French beans 22.5cm apart and rows 45.5cm apart.
- It is an excellent idea to sow French beans in 7cm 6 cell modules—plant one seed per cell about 4cm deep.
- French bean seeds usually germinate in 7 to 14 days and will multiply.
- It is possible to grow French bean seeds indoors or outdoors. If they are grown indoors, ensure they get used to the outdoor temperature before planting them outside. This could take up to 10 days, depending on the weather.
- Keep in mind that slugs can be an issue when seedlings are small. The best way to prevent this is by using an organic slug pellet or a beer trap.